Iñupiaq and Yup'ik

The Iñupiaq (in-NOO-pee-ak) and the St. Lawrence Island Yupik (Yoo-pik) people call themselves the “Real People,” according to the Native Heritage Center, and their homeland is in northern and northwestern Alaska. They largely subsist on what the land provides and still hunt whales, seals, walrus and other large animals and gather berries in season. They also hunt birds and fish when conditions are right. These two groups of Native people have been put in the same category because of their similar subsistence patterns, the way they constructed their homes and the tools they used to survive. St. Lawrence Island Yupiks speak Siberian Yupik, which is different from the languages spoken by Yup’ik and Cup’ik peoples.