Denali State Park

Denali State Park

Some of the best views of Denali can be found at this state park

Located adjacent to the southern border of Denali National Park, the 324,240-acre Denali State Park is the fourth largest state park in Alaska and almost half the size of Rhode Island. Denali State Park straddles the Parks Highway 147 miles north of Anchorage and is situated between the Talkeetna Mountains to the east and the Alaska Range to the west.

While this state park lacks the amount of infrastructure and attractions of its national-park cousin, it does feature several campgrounds, awesome hiking, plentiful wildlife viewing and some of the best views of Denali – even better than those found in most parts of the national park. Byers Lake campground is great for camping, boating and easy hiking.

History

When the railroad trip from Seward and Anchorage to Fairbanks took two days, travelers in the early 1900's sometimes stayed an extra day at Curry to ascend the east side of Curry Ridge and gaze upon Denali and its wonders from Curry Lookout.

The mountain’s Athabascan given name is Denali, which translates from Koyukon as “The High One.” However, the peak was designated from 1917-2015 as Mount McKinley, in honor of William McKinley, the 25th president of the United States. In 2015 President Barack Obama officially renamed Mount McKinley to Denali.

Ecosystem

The park is the beginning of the transition zone from low, coastal environment to the spine of the Alaska Range. Its terrain ranges from heavily forested streams and river valleys to the alpine tundra of the Curry and Kesugi ridges, making up the 30-mile long backbone of the park.

Wildlife

Denali State Park is home to both brown and black bears, moose and marmots. In the lower areas, visitors will encounter muskrats, beavers, possibly red foxes and porcupines, among other resident wildlife. On the east side of the park the Susitna and Chulitna rivers are home to Dolly Varden, Arctic grayling, rainbow trout and all five species of Pacific salmon. Small numbers of lake trout occur in Byers, Spink and Lucy lakes, and rainbow trout, grayling and Dolly Varden are found in Byers Lake and Troublesome and Little Coal creeks.

The park’s diverse habitats draw an especially rich bird community. More than 130 species use the park for breeding or during migration. Year-round residents include raven, the gray jay, willow ptarmigan (the state bird), and acrobatic flocks of black-capped and boreal chickadees. However, most birds migrate long distances to frequent the park. Migratory species include the arctic tern, the lesser golden plover, golden-crowned sparrow, Wilson's warbler, and ruby-crowned kinglet. Water birds such as the rare trumpeter swan, the loon, and osprey fly in for the park's lakes and streams.

Activities

While Denali, the tallest peak in North America, resides in Denali National Park, this state park features the best views of Denali. Denali State Park has superb vantage points to view both Denali's north and south summits, where the latter rises up a dramatic 20,310 feet.

Kesugi - a Dena'ina Indian word meaning 'the Ancient One’ - is a ridge four to six miles wide that parallels the Parks Highway. Kesugi and neighboring Curry Ridge reach heights of only 4,500 feet and lack the jagged spires, rock walls and knife-edged ridgelines that are the trademarks of Denali and the Alaska Range to the west. Instead, visitors will find gently rolling tundra at the top of the ridges much more conducive to trekking. While Denali, the tallest peak in North America, is not located in the state park, the park features some of the best panoramic views of Denali. Denali State Park has superb vantage points to view both of Denali's north and south summits, which ascends to an elevation of 20,310 feet.

Beyond gazing at Denali, hiking, fishing, and rafting are favorite summer activities at Denali State Park, in addition to camping to wilderness exploration. Visitors should be aware that except for roadside facilities, the park is undeveloped wilderness and hiking routes may not be clearly marked.

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