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Cape Krusenstern National Monument  

Cape Krusenstern National Monument

Curving in graceful arcs 70 miles along the Chukchi Sea is Cape Krusenstern National Monument, a coastal plain dotted with sizable lagoons and backed by gently rolling limestone hills. The 540,000-acre monument is an unusual archaeological site for the far Arctic; 114 beach-sand ridges located adjacent to Krusenstern Lagoon contain artifacts dating back more than 5000 years from every known Eskimo occupation of North America. Shifting sea ice, ocean currents and waves formed the ridges, each new one being used in succession by Eskimos for their hunting camps.

Located only 10 miles northwest of Kotzebue, Cape Krusenstern is composed of five large lagoons and many smaller lakes that dot a wide coastal plain of wet tundra. Further inland, rolling hills topped by dry tundra are connected by large areas of tussock grass. Permafrost underlies the entire monument. In summer, wildflowers color the beach ridges and nearby hills. Large numbers of migratory birds come from all over the world to Cape Krusenstern to nest. Along the outer beaches, the Inupiat people still hunt seals along the cape's outmost beach and at shoreline campsites, the women trim and render the catch for the hides and the meat and seal oil that are still vital to their diet.

A road to the Red Dog mine crosses the northern boundary of the preserve with trucks hauling lead and zinc along it from the open pit mine to a tidewater port. Otherwise the monument is road less and totally devoid of any development, permanent villages or public facilities.

Weather is a central concern to those planning to visit the park at any time of year. Summer temperatures on the coast are usually in the low 50s, with mid 60°F to 70°F range, with an occasional period of 80's or 90's, in the interior. Winds average 8 to 12 mph, but 50 to 70 mph winds commonly accompany storms and produce extremely low and dangerous wind chill factors. Summer days are long, almost without darkness; winter days are short, with only a few hours of sunlight and occasionally visitors will experience snow, near freezing temperatures, and long periods of clouds, wind, and rain.

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