Lake Clark National Park and Preserve
Lying only 100 miles southwest of Anchorage, Lake Clark National Park and Preserve holds some of Alaska's finest scenery; an awesome array of mountains, glaciers, granite spires, thundering waterfalls, waved-washed coastline, and the largest lake in the state. The 5625-sq-mile park stretches from the shores of Cook Inlet, across the Chigmit Mountains, to the tundra covered hills of the western interior. The centerpiece of the park is spectacular Lake Clark, a 42-mile-long turquoise body of water ringed in by mountains. But the Chigmits, where the Alaska Range merges into Aleutian Range, is home to Mt Iliamna, 10,016 feet, and Mt Redoubt, 10,197 feet, two active volcanoes that in 1990 were seen tossing ash into the air from Anchorage. Despite its overwhelming scenery and close proximity to Alaska's largest city, less than 5,000 visitors a year find their way to Lake Clark.
Lake Clark is home to a full complement of subarctic wildlife species. Land mammals include brown and black bears, moose, the Mulchatna caribou herd that numbers more than 100,000, Dall sheep and wolves. Harbor seals, beluga whales, Steller's sea lions and sea otters are seen along the coast while the rivers and lakes feature outstanding fishing for salmon, Arctic char, Arctic grayling, Dolly Varden, northern pike, lake trout, and rainbow trout.
Visitors who take the time to arrange a trip into the national park are often a mix of anglers, river runners and experienced backpackers. Within the park are three designated National Wild Rivers - Chilikadrotna, Tlikakila and Mulchatna Rivers - that have long been havens for rafters and paddlers in inflatable canoes and kayaks. Sport anglers are attracted to the park because Lake Clark's watershed is one of the world's most important producers of Bristol Bay red salmon, contributing a third of the annual harvest.
Many activities - backcountry hiking, camping, flightseeing, kayaking and rafting - require careful planning and a commitment of time in this vast wilderness. But because of the park's location to Alaska's largest city, many visitors interested in fishing, flight seeing or wildlife viewing arrive just for a day on a float plane, returning to Anchorage before dark.